SPACs How does it work? From the idea to IPO to final acquisition

Like SPACs, the investment is made upfront, even before the MBA (or a team of MBAs) knows what company they’re going to invest in. But the same principal of having a competent management team in place also applies. At times where getting funded is an increasing challenge, SPACs offer a great alternative for companies to go public, and for investors to generate extraordinary gains.

  1. If it does so, it usually will change its ticker to reflect the new entity it has merged with, and shareholders will now be invested in the acquired company.
  2. However, this was traditionally considered a niche area of finance, occupied by boutique investment banks such as GKN Securities.
  3. The SPAC finance money that’s raised is put into a trust account until the target company is found and a merger or acquisition takes place.

The funds are held in trust account until the SPAC completes an acquisition or SPAC merger. If the acquisition or merger does not occur within a specified period of time, the funds in the IBTA may be returned to the investors. The value of the shares and warrants should trade as close as possible to their launch price, but it can change due to market volatility and if SPAC shareholders strongly believe they have found attractive acquisition target companies.

“Bonds” shall refer to corporate debt securities and U.S. government securities offered on the Public platform through a self-directed brokerage account held at Public Investing and custodied at Apex Clearing. For purposes of this section, Bonds exclude treasury securities held in treasury accounts with Jiko Securities, Inc. as explained under the “ Treasury Accounts” section. Investments in Bonds are subject to various risks including risks related to interest rates, credit quality, market valuations, liquidity, prepayments, early redemption, corporate events, tax ramifications and other factors. The value of Bonds fluctuate and any investments sold prior to maturity may result in gain or loss of principal. In general, when interest rates go up, Bond prices typically drop, and vice versa.

After initially rising to around $100 per share after the deal was announced in the spring of 2022, DWAC shares were trading sharply lower at just around $18 toward the end of 2022. The route to public offering using a SPAC may take a few months, while a conventional IPO process can take anywhere from six months to more than a year. There are six SPAC stocks that may catch the attention of investors. Here is a SPAC company list with the most incredible examples, with companies that raised a considerable amount of money. It is one of the leading direct-to-customer companies in Mexico.

The Ultimate Guide to Market Extension Merger

As many as 70% of SPACs that had their IPO in 2021 were trading below their $10 offer price by the end of that year, according to a Renaissance Capital strategist. This downward trend could signal that the SPAC bubble that some market experts had predicted may be bursting. Returns from SPACs may not meet expectations offered during the promotion stage.


We develop high-quality free & premium stock market training courses & have published multiple books. We also thoroughly test and recommend the best investment research software. For example, space transportation company Momentus announced in October 2020 that it would go public via a SPAC named Stable Road Acquisition (SRAC). At that point, the SPAC will trade just like any normal shares, with shareholders free to buy and sell like they would any other stock. But the blank-check company itself is just a pile of cash with no actual business behind it.

What Is SPAC (Special Purpose Acquisition Company)?

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SPAC benefits

While activity in the space is growing, many investors still aren’t familiar with the (admittedly complicated) nuts and bolts. This quick guide to SPACs will get you caught up on this rising area of the stock market. There are several high-profile SPACs like Rocket Internet Growth Opportunities Corp. or Orion Biotech Opportunities Corp.

This approach offers several distinct advantages over a traditional IPO, such as providing companies access to capital, even when market volatility and other conditions limit liquidity. SPACs could also potentially lower transaction fees as market crash coming well as expedite the timeline to become a public company. A special purpose acquisitions company is essentially a shell company set up by investors with the sole purpose of raising money through an IPO to eventually acquire another company.

How does a SPAC raise funds?

Even if prices continue to rise, everyday investors end up seeing their investment grow less percentage wise than investors who got a headstart through special allocations. In the event that the planned acquisition is not made or legal formalities are still pending, the SPAC is required to return the funds to the investors. Unlike others on this SPAC companies list, Bridgetown is headquartered in Hong Kong. Right now, Bridgetown is aiming to widen its agreement to Asia-Pacific and to create a new one with Traveloka. This Southeast Asian online travel firm formed a $40 billion super app for the local market.

The shares are intended to compensate the management team, who are not allowed to receive any salary or commission from the company until an acquisition transaction is completed. The prospectus of the SPAC mainly focuses on the sponsors, and less on company history and revenues since the SPAC lacks performance history or revenue reports. All proceeds from the IPO are held in a trust account until a private company is identified as an acquisition target.

The corporation’s sole purpose is to purchase stocks, acquire assets, affect SPAC deals, or establish a new form of organization. The target company is being searched for in the media, telecommunications, and technology industries.It has raised $575 million in its Initial Public Offering on the Nasdaq Stock Exchange in January 2021. SPACs continue to gain popularity as a potential liquidity option for many companies. The SPAC merger process with a target company may be completed in as little as three to four months, which is substantially shorter than a typical traditional IPO timeline. Accordingly, a target company must accelerate public company readiness well in advance of any SPAC merger.

If the target company is determined to be the accounting acquirer, the transaction will be treated similar to a capital raising event (i.e., a reverse recapitalization). If the SPAC is determined to be the accounting acquirer, purchase accounting will apply and the target company’s assets and liabilities will require a valuation to be stepped-up to fair value (i.e., a forward merger). Once it lists on the Nasdaq or New York Stock Exchange, investors can buy into the new company, just like any other IPO. The one difference is that investors are buying “units” instead of shares. Each unit, which typically sells for about $10, includes one share and a fraction of a warrant.

A special purpose acquisition company (SPAC) is a type of investment vehicle that is created with the purpose of raising capital through an initial public offering (IPO) to acquire a private company. SPACs are sometimes called “blank check companies” because they are formed without a specific acquisition target in mind. Sometimes the SPAC brings in institutional investors, who are professional investors that invest money for their clients that receive shares of the target company, to help in the process.

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